10月 30

oct30For Halloween on October 31, kids wear costumes, trick-or-treat for candy, and carve pumpkins. A jack-o-lantern is a pumpkin with a face carved in it. To make one, cut into the pumpkin around the stem. Remove the seeds and guts. Cut a face into one side of the pumpkin. Place a small lit candle inside, and it’s a jack-o-lantern!

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10月 26

oct26“I’m in the movie theater.”

“I’m at the movie theater.”

What’s the difference? “In” means the speaker is inside the movie theater building. “At” could mean inside the building, or waiting out front. Sometimes “at” doesn’t need “the” after it: “I’m at school.” “I’m at work.” (You can also be “in the school” because the school is a building.)




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10月 23

oct23The Worldwide Breast Cancer website states that breast cancer is the most common cancer of women worldwide and the number one cause of death from cancer among women globally. To raise awareness about this and to celebrate its survivors, many recognize October as Breast Cancer Awareness Month; they wear pink and participate in races to raise money for cure research.

The Worldwide Breast Cancerのホームページによると、乳癌は世界中の女性に一番よくみられる癌で、癌で死亡する女性の中で一番多いのがこの乳癌です。人々の意識を高め、乳癌を克服した人々を称える為に10月は「乳がん防止月間」とされています。ピンクのものを身につけ、乳癌研究のための資金を集めるチャリティーレースなどを行います。

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10月 19

Oct 19“In” is used for some time periods. “The cherry blossoms bloom in spring.” (But not always: “I go to the park on Saturdays.”) Sometimes we use “in” to describe how something is done: “Please write in ink.” “She jumped in surprise.” “He patted the child’s head in a kind manner.”


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10月 16

oct16In the Great Lakes region of the U.S., many celebrate Sweetest Day on the third Saturday in October. Sweetest Day is like Valentine’s Day. It’s a chance to remember and celebrate friends, relatives, colleagues, and also the sick and elderly. People often give each other greeting cards, flowers, balloons, stuffed animals, and of course, candy and other sweets.


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10月 12

oct12“Into” is used when something moves from outside to inside: “He ran into the house.” He was outside the house, and then he entered the house by running. Don’t be confused by “run into” meaning “collide” (“The car ran into the fence.”) or “turn into” meaning “transform” (“The witch’s spell turned him into a frog.”). These are phrasal verbs, not true prepositions.

「Into」は何かが外側から内側へ移動するときに使います:「彼は家の中へ走りました。」彼は家の外にいましたが、走って家に入りました。「Run into」というと「衝突する」(「車が柵に衝突した」)、「turn into」だと「変身する」(「魔女の呪文で彼は蛙になりました」)という意味ですが、混乱しないでください。これらは前置詞ではなく句動詞です。(「Into」が動詞の一部のようなものです。)

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10月 09

oct9A “shortcut” is a term often used for navigation: it meant a more direct, faster, alternate route to a destination. A shortcut can also refer to any method of doing something that is quicker than what is usually done. Computer programs have many keyboard shortcuts that help a user do tasks faster, such as copy text or restart the computer.


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10月 05

oct5“In” is used to talk about things or actions that are inside or enclosed by something: “I’m singing in the rain.” The rain is all around me. “I live in Detroit.” The city of Detroit is all around me. It is also sometimes used when something moves from outside to inside something else: “He fell in the pool.” He wasn’t surrounded by the pool before, but now he is.



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10月 02

oct2The word “complimentary” has different meanings. One comes from the word “compliment,” and is when one expresses praise or admiration: “The hostess made complimentary remarks about your necklace.” “Complimentary” also means free of charge, as a courtesy, and is often used in the service industry: you might receive a complimentary snack or cleaning service when staying at a hotel.


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