2月 26

feb26You know that a city is crowded with people, buildings, streets, and vehicles, and that the countryside is usually spacious with lots of fields, farms, and very few people and roads. But what are the adjectives associated with these two kinds of places? The adjective for city is “urban,” and the adjective for the countryside is “rural”.


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2月 22

feb 22“The restaurant is next to the convenience store.”

“The café is beside the post office.”

We use “next to” or “beside” to say something is very near something else, and nothing is between them. If you find the post office and go left or right, the first thing after the post office will be the café.



「Next to」や「beside」を使うときは、何かが何かのすぐ近くにあって、間には何もないときです。郵便局をみつけて、左もしくは右にいけば、一番最初にくるものがカフェです。

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2月 19

feb19People say “I’m speechless” when they can’t think of anything else to say, usually because they feel so much emotion, such as surprise, happiness, or even anger. For example, if a figure skater received perfect scores, he might be so happy and surprised that he’d say, “I don’t know what to say right now—I’m speechless.”


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2月 15

feb 15

“I hit my arm on the edge of the table.”

One use of “of” is to show that something belongs to something else. This is convenient when the descriptions of the things involved are too long. For example, it is very awkward to say, “That is the doll my grandmother gave me last Christmas’s old dress. I took it off because I am making a new one.” It’s much easier to understand if we say, “That is the dress of the doll my grandmother gave me last Christmas.”



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2月 12

feb 12“As a matter of fact” is a common phrase that is similar to “actually”. It’s usually used to emphasize the truth of what you’re saying, or to support a previous reference. For example, a person could say, “I eat sushi all the time. As a matter of fact, I’m going out to a sushi restaurant tonight for dinner.”

「As a matter of fact」は良く使われる「actually 実を言うと」と似たフレーズです。言っていることが本当だということを強調したり、前に言ったことを立証したりするときに使います。例えば、「しょっちゅう寿司を食べます。実を言うと今夜も寿司屋に行きます」。

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2月 08

feb8“When we played hide-and-seek, I hid under a blanket in the closet.”

“Under the new law, smoking here is illegal.”

“Under” usually refers to where something is physically, but sometimes it is metaphorical, too. “The people suffered under the rule of the cruel tyrant.”




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2月 05

feb5We use “He/She is the last person I’d expect to” + verb to talk in an exaggerated way about other’s behavior, especially if it’s surprising or different than expected. For example, “I thought Jane hated running. She’s the last person I’d expect to run a marathon.” Or, “Alex loves steak. He’s the last person I’d expect to become a vegetarian.”


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2月 01

feb1“I can ride a bicycle without using my hands!”

“Okay, but don’t ride without a helmet.”

“Without” is followed by an action you don’t do or something you don’t have. Can you understand this blog entry without looking at the translation? It’s hard to read a book in a foreign language without a dictionary.




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